To avoid Soviet censorship, Soviet dissidents produced samizdat (self-publishing) political documents, which were handwritten, mimeographed, or photocopied. The most famous samizdat publication was the Chronicle of Current Events, which tracked the dissident movement in the Soviet Union. Samizdat included religious tracts as well as popular literature. Many Russian intellectuals who had written only “for the drawer” used samizdat to publish their thoughts. The KGB was never totally able to shut down samizdat. Nevertheless, the KGB and conservatives in the Communist Party leadership reacted strongly to the problem posed for them by the publication of a few thousand pages of material.

Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence. . 2014.

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